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Food-choice guide for CKD

10 helpful tips

Cooking tips and meal planning

Quick tips

  • Instead of salt, flavor your food with aromatic herbs, spices, lemon juice, or balsamic vinegar
  • Don’t put salt in water used for boiling food
  • Only add small amounts of salt after foods are cooked
  • Use vegetables with less potassium, such as onions, eggplants, peppers, and zucchini
  • Coat food in breadcrumbs using low protein bread (such as FLAVIS Crostini or crumbled FLAVIS
  • Fette Tostate) or coat the food in low protein flour before (i.e. FLAVIS Bread Mix)

Example of a kidney-friendly day

What foods to choose

Grains and grain-based products Couscous, polenta, semolina, tapioca Breakfast cereals, muesli
Side dishes White rice Potatoes and derived products cooked appropriately (in lots of water) Whole grain rice, French fries,
Fruit Apple, pear, peach, raspberries, grapes, plum, blueberries, strawberries, pineapples, persimmons, lemon, orange, tangerine, watermelon, mango, lychee, grapefruit, cherry Apricot, kiwi, pomegranate, banana, melon Raw apricot, raw currant, avocado, figs, pomegranate, papaya, all dried fruit
Vegetables Eggplant, cucumbers, leeks, fresh olives, peppers, sauerkraut, asparagus, tomatoes, zucchini, onion, corn, radicchio, lettuce. Only cooked: broccoli, fennel, carrots, artichokes, pumpkin, cauliflower, celery Spinach, tomatoes, artichokes Arugula, endive
Mushrooms Chanterelle mushrooms, field mushrooms Almost all types
Nuts and seeds All types
Legumes and soybeans Almost all types of legumes, fresh soy beans
Milk and dairy products, eggs Low protein milk, egg whites, egg substitute Cow, sheep or goat’s milk, yogurt, mozzarella, kefir, buttermilk, gorgonzola, gouda, cream, soy milk, sour cream, ricotta, mascarpone, brie, eggs Semi-skimmed dairy products, condensed milk, feta, processed cheese products, parmesan
Meat and charcuterie products White meat (chicken, turkey), cooked ham, turkey ham, roasts, red Salami, offal, sausages, hotdogs, lunch meats
Fish and seafood Cod, canned tuna Fresh tuna, salmon, trout, caviar
Desserts and sweets Jams, honey Ice cream Desserts with nuts, fruit ice cream, cacao, hazelnut spread, marzipan, all types of chocolate, dried fruit
Oils and fats Vegetable fats (e.g. seed oils, olive oil) Animal fats (e.g. butter)

NB: This information is based on a low protein, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium diet prescription.

Foods to be replaced with FLAVIS kidney-friendly products: traditional bread and bread substitutes, pasta, flour, desserts and milk.

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